Hemorrhoids are enlarged blood vessels, situated in the distal part of the rectum and anus. Although the disease is treatable, the hemorrhoids may lead to more serious complications if the veins burst, so this should be an issue handled quickly and with attention.
There are two types of hemorrhoids, internal and external, according to their location:
Internal hemorrhoids: they develop inside the anus, where they usually remain, so in the early stages the patient does not see or feel them. They are characterized by loss of red blood and/or externalization (prolapse) during defecation, in a more advanced stage. If completely prolapsed, without the possibility of re-introduction into the anal canal, it can cause severe pain.
External hemorrhoids: They appear around the anal orifice, being covered with very sensitive skin. The occurrence of a blood clot inside (thrombus) will cause a “bump” a very painful, translated by a hard lump, bluish, very annoying because of the itching and inflammation that accompanies it. Only bleed in case of rupture.
What causes hemorrhoids?
Have been pointed as risk factors: age, constipation, the straining to defecate, pregnancy, prolonged time on the toilet, diarrhea, sitting for long periods and others. It is known that there is a stretching of the tissues that support blood vessels, so that they dilate. Its walls become thin and bleeding occurs. If the pressure or strain to defecate continues, there is a protrusion (prolapse).
What are the symptoms of hemorrhoids?
Symptoms can be varied: loss of bright red blood in the stools, prolapse during stools, itching in the anal region, pain, sensitive lump. It is advisable to look for a colorectal surgeon as soon as possible if you experience rectal bleeding.
How to prevent and treat hemorrhoids?
– Drinking plenty of water (8-10 glasses per day) and eat fiber, to make the stool softer. You can get more fiber by eating fruit, vegetables, cereals, breads, and even pasta. You can also look for fiber supplements and laxatives, which can be bought in pharmacies;
– Another treatment for hemorrhoids is the application of aloe-vera. The properties of aloe-vera are well known. Apply aloe-vera cream on the affected area, or drink its juice every day, continuously;
– Use an analgesic and anti-inflammatory ointment daily for the duration of the treatment;
– After evacuating, wash with soap and water. Do not use toilet paper to avoid injury. If the hemorrhoid is not very big and the pain is bearable, you can put it into the anus manually;
– In case of pain, take a sitz bath in warm water for 10 minutes, which will relieve the pain and inflammation;
– Use a cushion-shaped hoop to sit;
– Do not make heavy efforts.
On health issues always play it safe. Visit your doctor. Visit your doctor is important if the hemorrhoid is very painful and is bleeding. You can get a prescription to help relieve your discomfort. In addition, surgery may be necessary in severe cases, and the symptoms associated with hemorrhoids can also be associated with colon, rectal or anal cancer, so be sure to visit your doctor if your symptoms do not go away with home remedies.
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